Conclusive review and Epilogue of Gloriana

Conclusive review

 

What did I achieve in the making of Gloriana?

  • The lowest points I had ever faced in my life during the making of Gloriana, has made me a more stronger, creative and confident person.
  • I have developed a network of talented and reliable people, who I am fortunate to call friends and I feel I am more social then I ever did before in making new friends.
  • I may not have found my favourite genres or type of music I like to write in, but that is a good thing, I feel I like all genres and styles as I see the individual uniqueness that can be utilised to deliver the right immersive atmosphere I feel the history/story used can be told accurately and creatively.
  • I have learned that I can write music faster with the aid of researching the topic, and inspired from personnel events increase my drive to new heights.
  • I have learned how to create music videos. Also how to make storyboards, and Adobe premiere and After effects.
  • I now have gained knowledge on how to make DVDs in a professional manner.
  • I am a better studio engineer then I was before, utilising my equipment newly obtained or had before to meet the demands for recording an array of instruments and voices.
  • I believe I might I found an answer to my future career where I can be part of the music industry out of university and hopefully make a decent living from it.

 

What could I do to improve Gloriana if I could change anything?

 

At the time of making Gloriana especially the very beginning, what I had undertaken did certainly provided me a 1st of many experiances and achievements that I had discovered, which I did not previously obtained.  Although thanks to the battle I had with Cancer, I had time to look think a lot about Gloriana, I really in truth, probably had the same amount of time work on the project as I would now, I started to work of the 4th year’s Creative Ventures project. A year and 4 months. Before saying anything to improve Gloriana, I am really happy how it turn out in the end.

In the ideal world, I guess it would have been nice to achieve what I originally sort to achieve, 10 songs to cover the whole of Elizabeth’s reign. Although this would have taken double or even triple the time I had with my knowledge and experience at the time.

I think would be worth noting for the next Animated Music Production I make, I would do the following to improve my methods since making Gloriana:

  • Make a wider stage (to make it wide screen for filming standards) with better control and more intricacies of the characters.
  • Maybe invest in a film camera myself, so I have the freedom of filming when I like and learn how to use the camera better.
  • Make the storyboards earlier after the making of the songs.
  • Make more contacts earlier to be onboard so that I can ensure more is done earlier.
  • I think it would be worth to Monetise the project.
  • Improve my laptop to allow portable recording sessions to work far more easier.

 

Epilogue

 

With the feedback so far, although it has not been an enormous response, it is not a worry, as the few who have and will soon respond to me are important to me, the content of feedback I have got so far, has been great, warm and amazed on what as been achieved against all odds.

I had to address one of the performers from the creative decision made due to lack of materials to use but also to share and use the efforts on the other performer who have given their time too.

I guess I will never please everyone which I am sure I will counter as I progress my career, but if it is important for it to be right to you before it is right with other people. Something I hope I can handle, but I like to think I have obtained a thick skin from the many other experiences I have, and my understandings will counter and ignore these incidents in the future.

I went with my father to the Swansea waterfront museum, my dad was telling them about Gloriana, and they were talking about it as a great idea and something I could do with them to cover Wales’ industial revolution and for example the Copper works that made Swansea the place it is today. This may work greatly in my favour as an avenue that I could make money from with it. Although from first impressions it may not the most exciting topic in history to me, but perhaps by researching into it, I would be intrigued by learning about it, and It might lead me onto working on other historical topics I can cover.

The mark and the feedback will be the ultimate verdict that will address me the full success of Gloriana, but the regardless of the marks and feedback, I know I am happy with what I had created. I know that I have gain a great deal, something that cannot be taken away.

Something that I will always remember and think back, with positive thoughts, always.

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The Gloriana DVDs

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Figure 1: Gloriana DVD front view

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Figure 2: Gloriana DVD Side view
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Figure 3: Gloriana DVD back view
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Figure 4. Gloriana DVD inside view
 

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Figure 5. Libretto sheet that is included inside the Gloriana DVD
Why I had made them?

I wanted to create DVDs not only that it will promote Gloriana in another professional, and something to learn too, but because there are some people I intend to show to and/or who have collaborated on the project who might not have access to YouTube.

 

How did I had made them?

When creating the Video files,  the DVDs I thought would need a DVD menu selecting screen.  Which is what every professional  DVD had, so originally I was looking to use Adobe’s DVD menu building software Encore to achieve this. However, Adobe Encore was not updated into the CC packages as the demand for DVD’s are no longer as high it is was 20 or 12 years ago.

So through a bit of research, I came across ‘DeeVeeDee’, which did do what I wanted, but it was not very user friendly at all, while search on one of my parents computers hearing about a DVD burning software, which was good but did not provide me the menu selector building feature I was looking for.

In the end, on my own computer I had ‘Windows DVD maker’, initially it was not accepting MP4s, which was annoying, later learning that the encoder for this to function was missing, instead, I used Adobe media encoder to copy and convert both the Gloriana full version and the four individual music videos.

Testing before hand with the Gloriana Teaser, which I already had different formats to try out. What proved successful was the Windows media audio/videos (WMVs) which not only was compatible, it seem to not render the music videos adequately.

Once loaded into the software, I designed a custom background picture with Photoshop, and using the camera and cinema template theme, as the  primary loading screen style (limitation to this was I had to choose preset loading screens). It was nice despite I did not have a lot of choice.

The burning process of the 1st disc was very slow, it did not help that I was sort my blog out while it was burning with the internet open.

However after the burning of the first disc, the next 25 were significantly faster to burn.

The covers were designed by my parents using combination of elements from Gloriana’s artwork, and behind the scenes pictures.

Using a picture of myself on the front cover would make people know that I had created it, unfortunately I was hoping to use pictures of the performers and the other collaboratees, which understandably I did not think about this at the time when working and with them. So I decided instead to show pictures of the behind the scenes of the stage production and the filming.

I have included a Gloriana dialogue, lyrics and narration sheet inside so people with the DVDs will know what has been said/sung.

 

Ideas after Gloriana for the Future

First thing that would be important to do is to get reviews of it done and to see what the general public think of it.

After that, I will be thinking of doing a another animated musical production. What I would like to be doing is one that has 6 songs instead of 4, more radical musical genres, and a different period/theme of history.

It is important, first and foremost is to research into what I want it to be about, and the rest will come into place once a theme/period and story is picked.

Small Changes to History (story) and Dialogue of Gloriana to announce

Through Speaking with Gary Payne, he did his own research prior to speaking with me of the results of his improvements of my initial narration and dialogue for ‘Cousin under the Axe’ (Track 3).

Originally through my sources, I came to find Robert Beale as the organiser of Mary Queen of Scots’ execution. However, Gary told me about another figure of importance, Henry Grey., Sixth Earl of Kent, being key in Mary’s demise.

From the additional research I have done recently, the evidence points that we are both right.  Robert Beale did have a hand in Mary’s demise, he was the one who had taken the death warrant from Elizabeth I without her consent to be acted on. He gave it to two lord commissioners who were in charge of ensuring the execution proceedings. One of those lord commissioners was Henry Grey.

The Sources about the individual views of the two interestingly are a bit different, despite they both follow Elizabeth’s bidding narrowly.

Evidence suggest that Robert Beale did have some affection towards Mary, in what way remains unknown. Whereas Henry Grey has violent animosities towards Mary, mostly due to her devotion to her religion.

From the evidence, I would conclude using Henry Grey over Robert Beale for the former reasons mentioned in the aforementioned paragraphs, and the sources of information to support the decision.

As a Result, I must update my history essay relating to Henry Grey, and utilise him as a compelling character, and his relationship towards Mary Queen of Scots.

I will also introduce a new character, Richard Fletcher (or Doctor Fletcher), the Dean of Peterborough, who was the Protestant priest attempting to get Mary to repent and denounce her devotion to Catholicism. He will be classed as a minor character.

Please check the history essay to learn more and the narration and lyric documents that will be later posted.

Case Study of existing films: Elizabeth (1998) and Elizabeth: The Golden Age (2007)

 

 

Through initial research, I came to learn of an ‘sequel’ film  to the film Elizabeth (1998), which is about Elizabeth’s later years as Queen:

 

And the first film Elizabeth (1998):

With in mind the two films, the visual representations of all that is involved in this version of the story telling of Elizabeth during her reign, with the events, people and objects of significance involved in her life is very striking. When reading through the accounts of IMDb, the sheer expanse of effort, time and money is highly commendable. With a big budget , $30 million for Elizabeth (1998) and $55 million for Elizabeth: the Golden age (2007), teams and sub teams of people, 9 years between the two films however, the deadlines for each of the two films are unknown.

Gloriana as an animated, musical production, will focus on story telling the such historical epic through an emphasis of music and sound, with the visuals (animations) as a simple ‘vehicle’ to support the music and make the leitmotifs work. Also,historically unlike the film, will be four songs to represent the major points in Elizabeth’s reign due to enormous scale that would befall on me if I was to follow the same scale as the film, in comparison to the given time and number of people available.

From a research of a historical perspective, the film captures the huge complexity of Elizabeth’s reign, thanks to the time, budget and workforce behind the scenes, Perhaps due to having a number of people specialising in each of the many aspects that went into this films, it is unknown to me the extent of research that went into informing the director (Shekhar Kapur) and his team. However, compared to the process I am going through with Gloriana’s research, the method of reading, generalised (overall accounts) reliable sources first, then specialized (specific) reliable sources, and log a bibliography into a dissertation or research type report. It is essential for this to be done and to allow the team to justify any creative decisions made, whether for pure accuracy to what actually happened, or ways to bend the truth for either to make the story to make more sense, due to limitations, or simply because it is high in debate, and therefore free to interpret the story or something or someone as you wish for creative purposes.

The music in film from learning about the behind the scenes part of the music for the film, there was a collaboration of two composers, Craig Armstrong (http://craigarmstrong.com/) and A.R. Rahman (http://www.arrahman.com/), both highly acclaimed composers with different musical styles and a wealth of experience to there names, The type of music they created together for the two films was more western classical in style, using influences from contemporary composers at the time such as William Byrd, incorporating orchestras, bells, and Latin choirs, with support of synthesised percussion and some Indian influences. The score is very rich, and dramatic, blending seamlessly with the visuals.

The Sound (foley and background sounds) world is vibrant, it does sounds as if the sound department used the sounds of actual cannon and pistol fire. Many of  the sounds might have been captured from very accurate replications.

In comparison to my musical Gloriana, as director to my own musical, I am not restricted in my creative decisions to another person as I work for myself. The musical pallete for Gloriana will be stylistically more radical to the films, using heavy metal instruments and ska influences for me to give the story more emotional representation of the atmosphere at hand, which are found in ‘To marry or not to marry’, and ‘Bull versus Lioness’, I do take more similar styles to the films with regards to ‘Ascension Complete’ and ‘Cousin under the Axe’. However, reasons to be being that I intend to makes different moods and musical genres, and do to what is available to me in terms of the musicians I find willing to to take part. Also I will be using Dialogue to support what is going on at times were there needs to be a explanation, with Narration and leitmotifs/themes will be key to gluing Gloriana together.

Gloriana’s foley and backgrounds sounds will be much less, and more replicated sounds due keeping costs down. This will encourage me to develop my own sounds to fill a library of sounds of my own.

Visually, the live-action films are beautiful, the Actress and actors are very believe-able, landscapes sets are awe inspiring, The props are great and the fashion are certainly fabulous. All aspects appear to be picked carefully, which whatever time was taken to achieve the standards the films set out, it was certainly achieved.

Gloriana’s visuals, will be different as it is animated, due to the struggles of collaboration without financial support, a sort of ‘D.I.Y’ drawn and ‘photoshoped’ artwork created by my parents and I will created, and use stop motion animation styles to help out. Using story boards will guide the direction visual of the project too. The animation is meant not to be perfect, but provide a quirky element to the story especially if drawn like the style of stain glass windows.

Conclusion

Overall, from my perspective, the films existing to tell the story of Elizabeth’s reign make great guides to support the visual aspects of Gloriana.

As far as Audio is concerned, musically I may not achieve the same standards of professionalism fully for having fully performed parts to my songs. The films do make good references to check when making my own sounds to replicate important sounds.

The historically stories used are naturally up to the director to how he or she interprets, much like as historians do to make a claim of something they believe has happened, so it is important really to justify such claims, well evidenced features of history like for example Elizabeth’s entourage, or something it is open for debate, like Elizabeth’s feelings towards Mary queen of Scots or William Byrd’s Origins.

This therefore, is matter of own research that leads directors or project managers to unique ways of telling a story through any creative medium, whether due to limitations, creative and personal choices to simply the sources of information you have to base your work on.

Although Gloriana’s purpose is to entertain, but also to educate a balanced perspective.

It is worth noting that the films do appear to show a element of bias-ness, with regards to the way the Philip II is portrayed and his relationship to Elizabeth directly, due to the fact he appears to wanting to kill Elizabeth, and viewed as being evil, through with my research, I want to portray Philip to be forced to act to try and defeat Elizabeth. The conflict will occur due to extrinsic events with both sides hand’s are forced.

Bibliography

Click ——-> Case Study background research for about Elizabeth Films of 1998 and 2007

 

 

 

 

History updated research preview

 

 

The History used in Gloriana 

please check out the word document to see images by clicking on underlined link above!

 

 

 

 

The History used in Gloriana

(information guidelines for the visuals)

 


 

Contents

Indivdual track history. 2

Ascension complete. 2

Character involved: 2

Location description. 2

Overview of history. 2

To marry or not to marry. 3

Character involved: 3

Location description. 3

Overview of history. 3

The unnecessary martyr/Cousin under the axe. 4

Location description. 4

Overview of history. 4

Lioness verses bull/Clash of religions/The Bulwark. 5

 

Indivdual track history

Ascension complete

Character involved:

 

  • Narrator (William Byrd 1543 – 1623)

Figure 1. A painting of William Byrd (Mcdowall, 2013)

William Byrd was one of Elizabeth’s most favourite court Composers, also a competent organist of the Chapel Royal, he is also a catholic, which would balance the perspectives very well and witnessed the 44 years of Elizabeth’s reign

 

 

 

  • Elizabeth I (Main Character)

Figure 2. Elizabeth in her Coronation clothes (1558), (Rowse, 1953)

A highly intelligent women, similar to Henry VIII but ruled more cunningly

 

  • Archbishop of Canterbury (Matthew Parker 1504 -1575)

Figure 3. Portrait of Matthew Parker, who crowned Elizabeth I  (College, 1827)

 

  • Crowd at Coronation

Figure 4. Example of what Elizabethan people look like, (Elizabethan England Life.com, 2016).

 

Location description

 

Video link: (Coronation of Queen Elizabeth I, 1998)

And support picture:

 

 

Figure 5. Elizabeth’s Carriage when on her way to be crowned (Royal Museum Greenwich, c.1601.)

The Carpet was blue according to some historical sources

Overview of history

 

As first song of the EP, it would make sense to apply the events of the Coronation of Elizabeth I and the new prayer book, as the project is meant to be about Elizabeth, and also for the coming events used in the other three songs. The new prayer book, is one of the passive antagonists as a symbolic object, due to the controversy it brought, although it was a compromise, some members of both religions did not want the compromise. (Tudor History, 2012)

Elizabeth’s Coronation was a significant event. As the third Queen and the sole ruler of Britain, there was a lot of fear, as the predeceasing queens being Lady Jane Grey (only for 9 days) and then Mary I (1553 – 1558), 8 years before Elizabeth to be crowned (Hanson, 2015), the public had mixed views of Elizabeth; some believed she was an illegitimate heir from being the offspring of Anne Boleyn, who the public saw as a mistress to her father Henry VIII.  She was one of the most highly intelligent women of her time, from her vivid education, and her strong will, from the turmoil she had felt from the sexual abuse from Thomas Seymour, and the oppression under her half-sister, Mary’s reign as a protestant. (Neale, 2001)

The new prayer book is also important to include, previous events before Elizabeth as Queen of Britain. Britain had sharp changes to the nation’s religion, all which started from Henry VIII ‘break with Rome’ in order to marry Anne Boleyn. The extreme Protestant regime under Edward VI’s reign, than the extreme Catholic regime under Mary I, both had rebellions as a result. A new prayer book was made to compromise the two religions to be compatible, but importantly, to recognise Elizabeth as a queen rightfully and to be loyal to only her. (The Royal Household Crown, unknown)

The Prayer book was controversial, to the fanatics of both sides, which also lead to catholic foreign, super powers, such as Spain to believe that Catholics in Britain, were being severely mistreated (this was not the case at this moment in time until later) (Trueman, 2016).

To marry or not to marry

Character involved:

  • Audience member 1 (make up based on Elizabethan woman)
  • Elizabeth I (1560s)

Figure 6. Elizabeth looked like in the 1560s (Royal Museum Greenwich, Anonymous)

 

  • Guard

Figure 7. 3d model of Elizabethan Yeomen (PhilC, 2002)

Figure 8. Another example of Royal guards (anneboleynsite, BBC, 2006)

  • Mary Queen of Scots

Figure 9.Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots (1542-1587) on her arrival (Zucarro, 2016)

Location description

Figure 10. Windsor castle interior (Jordensen, 2015)

Overview of history

 

The 2nd track reflects on Elizabeth’s personal life. The issue of marriage, as being a queen was that she needed a husband who would provide a male heir to succeed her. Although there were consequences to which she could pick, Robert Dudley was a good suitor, English and a close friend, but would upset the Catholics, and there was evidence to suggest he killed his own wife, to be with Elizabeth. (Borman, 2016).

To marry a foreign king, would have caused even more dire consequences. He could make Britain a Protectorate, a puppet for a another country, even worse a highly religious catholic such as Philip II, evidenced by Mary I’s marriage to him, as the public did not like him, fearing Philip and Mary would impose extreme Catholicism on a freshly established Protestant country (Neale, 2001).

Elizabeth was made aware by a soldier, that Mary Queen of Scots had entered the country to seek refuge, and was captured. Narration hints that Mary is the biggest antagonist as it kicks off a series of large scale events. (Sharnette, 2016), (Whitelock, 2016).

The unnecessary martyr/Cousin under the axe

Character involved:

  • Audience member 2 (make up based on Elizabethan man)
  • Mary Queen of Scots

Figure 11. Mary queen of Scots ascending platform (Elizabethi.org, 2016)

Figure 12. Portrait of an aged, ill Mary queen of Scots (Anonymous, 1578)

Figure 13. A woodcut depicting the execution of Mary Queen of Scots (Blackwood, 2016)

  • Robert Beale

Figure 14. Not what Robert Beale actually looked like, but something to base on (Pourbus, 1591)

  • Elizabeth I

Figure 15. A Black dress that Elizabeth wore, could be used on the day of Mary Stuart’s execution (Hilliards, c.1599)

  • Guards (as before)

 

  • Philip II

Figure 16. Jordi Molla from Elizabeth. The Golden Age, depicting as Philip II of Spain (Elizabeth I: The Golden Age, 2007)

 

Figure 17. Historical portrait of Philip II (YiannisGabriel.com, 2016)

Location description

Figure 18. A Dutch depictions of the scene of the execution (Anonymous, 1613)

 

Windsor castle interior as before

 

 

 

Overview of history

3rd track covers the biggest upset of the whole story, the execution of Mary Queen of Scots. The Narration will state, that Elizabeth did not want Mary to be executed, so for 19 years, Mary was to be prisoner to Elizabeth for her fear for Mary is intended to cause uprisings. Elizabeth’s hand was forced, the extrinsic events like the Black Death blighting Britain, as well as Crop failures and the need to expand control in the Netherlands proved costly. The situation was desperate, and the final nail in the coffin, came from the Babington plot with evidence to suggest that Mary was involved (eyewitnesstohistory, 2005).

The execution scene, presents a defiant Mary, embracing death, while her servants wept, she tells them to rejoice, not to cry. While sat on a stool, Mary sat emotionless as the sermon was readout by Robert Beale (the man who arranges her execution). However, Mary interrupts by praying loudly, this scene gets tenser with the audience joining to take sides, but Mary slips from her stool from when the climax peaks but then continues. Beale orders Mary to repent, but she reprimands clearly to him that she is not going to renounce her faith in Catholicism; a cowed Beale announces “so be it”. Her servants start disrobing her, whom the executioner lends a hand in also, the executioner suddenly ask for forgiveness, which she accepts. Once disrobed suitably, the audience were shocked at seeing how pale her skin was; she stood up for one last speech.  Smiling she thanked her servants, wanted to wish her son well and hopefully be converted to Catholicism, and wanted Elizabeth to have a prosperous and long reign serving god and her people to the fullest (Robertson, 1813, pp. 49 – 50).

Once finished, she placed her head on the block proudly with one of the maids wrapping her handkerchief around her eyes, the executioner got ready while Mary prays. He then strikes with his axe, hits the knot. surprisingly, Mary did not scream in pain, a second chop came, but not fully clean cut, from a third slice from the axe, the head is fully severed is raised to the audience, executioner says “god save the queen!”. With nearly everyone weeping, it truly reflected a sad point in the story. Elizabeth is in her room, upset. Beale enters, confirms the execution has happened, Elizabeth is in rage saying, “You carried out the death warrant without my consent, you will be taken to the tower!” (Robertson, 1813, p. 51).

The narrator states that Elizabeth knew there were dire consequences ahead. As a result, Spain made a declaration of war with Elizabeth after hearing the news of Mary’s execution, Philip was upset when writing the declaration, as it was forced upon him to act (eyewitnesstohistory, 2005), (Trueman, 2015) .

Lioness verses bull/Clash of religions/The Bulwark

Character involved:

  • Audience member 3 (make up based on Elizabethan woman/man)
  • Elizabeth I

Figure 19. Triumphant, mature Elizabeth embellished with lots of symbolism to celebrate the victory against the Spanish (Gower, Circa 1588)

 

  • Philip II

Figure 20. Philip in religious attire. (Anguissola, 2012)

  • Francis Drake/English naval soldiers

Figure 21. War attire worn by the English, the character in focus is Francis Drake (Heritage History, 2013-2015)

  • English ships

Figure 22. An Illustration of the Royal Ark, the flagship of Lord Howard, who was the leader of British navy to defeat the Spanish Armada (Britishbattles.com, 2002-2016)

 

Figure 23. British ‘Racer-ships’ which war key to the British success thanks to their manoeuvrability (Britishbattles.com, 2002-2016)

 

Figure 24. British fire-ships used to disperse the Spanish armada’s crescent formation (Dfiles, Anonymous).

  • Spanish ships

Figure 25. Can be used as a typical Spanish ship in the Spanish armada, this is a depiction of the Portuguese Galleon ‘Sao Martinho’ (Lusitani, 2006)

  • Spanish sailors/soldiers

Figure 26. Spanish Soldiers (which were number3 to 1) compared to sailors that were part of the Spanish armada (Atlantic Ship Model Co., 2003-2004)

 

 

  • Narrator (unchanged)

 

Location description

Figure 27. Battle scenes of the English ships fighting four Galleons and some other Spanish ships (Johnson, 2016)

 

 

Overview of history

 

The final song is based on the initial prelude to the Spanish Armada and aims to condense the many skirmishes that took place, under a single battle. Initially, before the battle begins, Elizabeth’s presents a speech to her navy:

 

My loving people,

 

We have been persuaded by some that are careful of our safety, to take heed how we commit ourselves to armed multitudes, for fear of treachery; but I assure you I do not desire to live to distrust my faithful and loving people. Let tyrants fear. I have always so behaved myself that, under God, I have placed my chiefest strength and safeguard in the loyal hearts and good-will of my subjects; and therefore I am come amongst you, as you see, at this time, not for my recreation and disport, but being resolved, in the midst and heat of the battle, to live and die amongst you all; to lay down for my God, and for my kingdom, and my people, my honour and my blood, even in the dust.

 

I know I have the body but of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a king of England too, and think foul scorn that Parma or Spain, or any prince of Europe, should dare to invade the borders of my realm: to which rather than any dishonour shall grow by me, I myself will take up arms, I myself will be your general, judge, and rewarder of every one of your virtues in the field.

 

I know already, for your forwardness you have deserved rewards and crowns; and We do assure you in the word of a prince, they shall be duly paid you. In the mean time, my lieutenant general shall be in my stead, than whom never prince commanded a more noble or worthy subject; not doubting but by your obedience to my general, by your concord in the camp, and your valour in the field, we shall shortly have a famous victory over those enemies of my God, of my kingdom, and of my people.

 

Queen Elizabeth I (British Library, 1588)

 

The skirmish that will be used would be the battle of Gravelines, at midnight 28th July 1588, the British send fireships charging towards the Armada’s docked in its crescent formation docked off Calais. This dislodges the Armada’s battle formation, allowing the British ships to attack one on one more easily. The British ships focus fire more on the four Spanish Galleons more at close range, with more cannon firepower capacities to attack, and were smaller, therefore, faster to out manoeuvre the larger ships the Spanish had. The Spanish ships were more suited to boarding warfare. This contrast of fighting styles lead to Spanish having significant loses in men and damage to the ships. With the Armada being cut off from going back to Spain, they decide to retreat as a result. The narration talks about the aftermath of the battle, the fate of the Spanish ships, and overview of Elizabeth’s final years as Queen until her death in 1603. The narrator concludes by saying “I’m off to perform for Shakespeare now… Good bye!” (Britishbattles.com, 2002-2016)