Small Changes to History (story) and Dialogue of Gloriana to announce

Through Speaking with Gary Payne, he did his own research prior to speaking with me of the results of his improvements of my Initial Narration and Dialogue for Cousin under the Axe (Track 3).

Originally through my source I came to find Robert Beale as the organiser of Mary. Queen of Scots’ execution. However, Gary told me about another figure of importance. Henry Grey. Sixth Earl of Kent, being key in Mary’s demise.

From the additional research I have done recently. The evidence points that we are both right.  Robert Beale did had a hand in Mary’s demise, he was the one who had taken the death warrant from Elizabeth I without her consent to be acted on. He gave it to two Lord Commissioners who were in charge of ensuring the execution proceedings. one of those Lord commissioners was Henry Grey.

The Sources about the individual views of the two interestingly are a bit different despite they both follow Elizabeth’s bidding narrowly.

Evidence suggest that Robert Beale did have some affection towards Mary, in what way remains unknown. Where as Henry Grey has Violent Animosities towards Mary, mostly due to her devotion to her religion.

From the evidence, I would conclude using Henry Grey over Robert Beale for the former paragraph and the sources of information to support the decision.

As a Result, I must update my History Essay informing about Henry Grey, and picture of him and his relationship towards Mary Queen of Scots.

I will also introduce a new character. Richard Fletcher (or Doctor Fletcher). The Dean of Peterborough, who was the Protestant priest attempting to get Mary to Repent and denounce her devotion to Catholicism. He will be classed as a minor character.

Please check the History Essay to learn more and the Narration and Lyric documents that will be later posted.

Case Study of existing films: Elizabeth (1998) and Elizabeth: The Golden Age (2007)

 

 

Through initial research, I came to learn of existing ‘sequel’ film  to the film Elizabeth (1998) which is about Elizabeth’s later years as Queen:

 

And the first film Elizabeth (1998):

With in mind the two Film, The visual representations of all that is involved in this version of the story telling of Elizabeth during her reign with the events, people and objects of significance involved in her life is very Striking, reading through the accounts of IMDb, The sheer expanse of effort, time and money is highly commendably. With a big budget ($30 million for Elizabeth ((1998)) and $55 million for Elizabeth: the Golden age 2007))), teams and sub teams of people, 9 years between the two film, however the deadlines for each of the two films are unknown.

Gloriana, as an animated, musical Production. Will focus on story telling the such historical epic through emphasis of Music and sound, with the visuals (animations) as a simple ‘vehicle’ to support the music and make the leitmotifs work. Also historically unlike the film, will be four songs to represent the major points in Elizabeth’s reign due to enormous scale if I was to follow the same scale as the film in comparison to the given time and number of people available!

From a research of historical perspective, the film captures the huge complexity of Elizabeth’s reign, thanks to the time, budget and workforce behind the scenes, Perhaps due having a number of people specialising each of the many aspects that went into this film. It is unknown to me extent of research that went into informing the directer (Shekhar Kapur) and his team, however, compare to the process I am going through with Gloriana’s research, the method of reading, generalised (overall accounts), reliable sources first then specialized (specific), reliable sources and log a bibliography, into like a Dissertation or research report, must have been done and used to allow the team to justify any creative decisions made whether for pure accuracy to what actually happened, or ways to bend the truth for either to make the story more sense, due to limitations, or simply because it is high in debate and therefore free to interpret the story or something or someone as you wish for creative purposes.

The music in film from learning about the behind the scenes part of the music for the film, there was a collaboration of two composers, Craig Armstrong (http://craigarmstrong.com/) and A.R. Rahman (http://www.arrahman.com/), both highly acclaimed composers with different musical styles and a wealth of experience to there names, The type of music they created together for the two films was more western classical in style, using influences from contemporary composers at the time such as William Byrd, incorporating orchestras, bells, and Latin choirs, with support of synthesised percussion and some Indian influences. The score is very rich, and dramatic, blending seamlessly with the visuals.

The Sound (foley and background sounds) world in vibrant, and sound as if the sound depart captured the sound of actual cannon and pistol fire, and with many of  the sounds might have been very accurate replications.

In comparison to my musical Gloriana, as director to my own musical, I am not restricted in my creative decisions to another person as I work for myself. The musical Pallete I will person is stylistically more radical to the films, using heavy metal instruments and ska influences for me give the story more emotional representation of the atmosphere at hand, which are found in ‘To marry or not to marry’, and ‘Bull versus Lioness’, I do take more similar styles to the films with regards to ‘Ascension Complete’ and ‘Cousin under the Axe’. However, reasons to be being that I intend to makes different moods and musical genres, and do to what is available to me in terms of musicians available. Also I will be using Dialogue to support what is going on at times were there needs to be a explanation, with Narration and leitmotifs/themes will be key to glue Gloriana together.

Gloriana’s foley and backgrounds sounds will be much less, and more replicated sounds due keeping costs down, and for creative learning development of a personal library of sounds of my own.

Visually, the live-action films are beautiful, the Actress and actors are very believe-able, landscapes sets are awe inspiring, The props are great and the fashion are certainly fabulous. All aspects appear to be picked carefully, which whatever time was taken to achieve the standards the films set out, it was certainly achieved.

Gloriana’s visuals, will be different as it is animated, due to the struggles of collaboration without financial support, a sort of ‘D.I.Y’ drawn and ‘photoshoped’ artwork created by my parents and I will created, and use stop motion animation styles to help out. Using story boards will guide the direction visual of the project too. The animation is meant not to be perfect, but provide a quirky element to the story especially if drawn like the style of stain glass windows.

Conclusion

Overall, from my perspective, the films existing to tell the story of Elizabeth’s reign make great guides to support the visual aspects of Gloriana.

As far as Audio is concerned, musically I may not achieve the same standards of professionalism fully for having fully performed parts to my songs. The films do make good references to check when making my own sounds to replicate important sounds.

The historically stories used are naturally up to the directer to how he or she interprets, much like as historians do to make a claim of something they believe has happened, so it is important really to justify such claims, well evidenced features of history like for example Elizabeth’s entourage, or something it is open for debate, like Elizabeth’s feelings towards Mary queen of Scots or William Byrd’s Origins.

This therefore, is matter of own research that leads directors or project managers to unique was of telling a story through any creative medium, whether due to limitations, creative and personal choices to simply the sources of information you have to base your work on.

Although Gloriana’s purpose is to entertain, but also to educate a balanced perspective.

It is worth noting that the films do appear to show a element of bias-ness, with regards to the way the Philip II is portrayed and his relationship to Elizabeth directly, due to the fact he appears to wanting to kill Elizabeth, and viewed as being evil, through with my research, I want to portray Philip to be forced to act to defeat Elizabeth, and the conflict to occur due to extrinsic events with both sides hand’s are forced.

Bibliography

Click ——-> Case Study background research for about Elizabeth Films of 1998 and 2007

 

 

 

 

History updated research preview

 

 

The History used in Gloriana 

please check out the word document to see images by clicking on underlined link above!

 

 

 

 

The History used in Gloriana

(information guidelines for the visuals)

 


 

Contents

Indivdual track history. 2

Ascension complete. 2

Character involved: 2

Location description. 2

Overview of history. 2

To marry or not to marry. 3

Character involved: 3

Location description. 3

Overview of history. 3

The unnecessary martyr/Cousin under the axe. 4

Location description. 4

Overview of history. 4

Lioness verses bull/Clash of religions/The Bulwark. 5

 

Indivdual track history

Ascension complete

Character involved:

 

  • Narrator (William Byrd 1543 – 1623)

Figure 1. A painting of William Byrd (Mcdowall, 2013)

William Byrd was one of Elizabeth’s most favourite court Composers, also a competent organist of the Chapel Royal, he is also a catholic, which would balance the perspectives very well and witnessed the 44 years of Elizabeth’s reign

 

 

 

  • Elizabeth I (Main Character)

Figure 2. Elizabeth in her Coronation clothes (1558), (Rowse, 1953)

A highly intelligent women, similar to Henry VIII but ruled more cunningly

 

  • Archbishop of Canterbury (Matthew Parker 1504 -1575)

Figure 3. Portrait of Matthew Parker, who crowned Elizabeth I  (College, 1827)

 

  • Crowd at Coronation

Figure 4. Example of what Elizabethan people look like, (Elizabethan England Life.com, 2016).

 

Location description

 

Video link: (Coronation of Queen Elizabeth I, 1998)

And support picture:

 

 

Figure 5. Elizabeth’s Carriage when on her way to be crowned (Royal Museum Greenwich, c.1601.)

The Carpet was blue according to some historical sources

Overview of history

 

As first song of the EP, it would make sense to apply the events of the Coronation of Elizabeth I and the new prayer book, as the project is meant to be about Elizabeth, and also for the coming events used in the other three songs. The new prayer book, is one of the passive antagonists as a symbolic object, due to the controversy it brought, although it was a compromise, some members of both religions did not want the compromise. (Tudor History, 2012)

Elizabeth’s Coronation was a significant event. As the third Queen and the sole ruler of Britain, there was a lot of fear, as the predeceasing queens being Lady Jane Grey (only for 9 days) and then Mary I (1553 – 1558), 8 years before Elizabeth to be crowned (Hanson, 2015), the public had mixed views of Elizabeth; some believed she was an illegitimate heir from being the offspring of Anne Boleyn, who the public saw as a mistress to her father Henry VIII.  She was one of the most highly intelligent women of her time, from her vivid education, and her strong will, from the turmoil she had felt from the sexual abuse from Thomas Seymour, and the oppression under her half-sister, Mary’s reign as a protestant. (Neale, 2001)

The new prayer book is also important to include, previous events before Elizabeth as Queen of Britain. Britain had sharp changes to the nation’s religion, all which started from Henry VIII ‘break with Rome’ in order to marry Anne Boleyn. The extreme Protestant regime under Edward VI’s reign, than the extreme Catholic regime under Mary I, both had rebellions as a result. A new prayer book was made to compromise the two religions to be compatible, but importantly, to recognise Elizabeth as a queen rightfully and to be loyal to only her. (The Royal Household Crown, unknown)

The Prayer book was controversial, to the fanatics of both sides, which also lead to catholic foreign, super powers, such as Spain to believe that Catholics in Britain, were being severely mistreated (this was not the case at this moment in time until later) (Trueman, 2016).

To marry or not to marry

Character involved:

  • Audience member 1 (make up based on Elizabethan woman)
  • Elizabeth I (1560s)

Figure 6. Elizabeth looked like in the 1560s (Royal Museum Greenwich, Anonymous)

 

  • Guard

Figure 7. 3d model of Elizabethan Yeomen (PhilC, 2002)

Figure 8. Another example of Royal guards (anneboleynsite, BBC, 2006)

  • Mary Queen of Scots

Figure 9.Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots (1542-1587) on her arrival (Zucarro, 2016)

Location description

Figure 10. Windsor castle interior (Jordensen, 2015)

Overview of history

 

The 2nd track reflects on Elizabeth’s personal life. The issue of marriage, as being a queen was that she needed a husband who would provide a male heir to succeed her. Although there were consequences to which she could pick, Robert Dudley was a good suitor, English and a close friend, but would upset the Catholics, and there was evidence to suggest he killed his own wife, to be with Elizabeth. (Borman, 2016).

To marry a foreign king, would have caused even more dire consequences. He could make Britain a Protectorate, a puppet for a another country, even worse a highly religious catholic such as Philip II, evidenced by Mary I’s marriage to him, as the public did not like him, fearing Philip and Mary would impose extreme Catholicism on a freshly established Protestant country (Neale, 2001).

Elizabeth was made aware by a soldier, that Mary Queen of Scots had entered the country to seek refuge, and was captured. Narration hints that Mary is the biggest antagonist as it kicks off a series of large scale events. (Sharnette, 2016), (Whitelock, 2016).

The unnecessary martyr/Cousin under the axe

Character involved:

  • Audience member 2 (make up based on Elizabethan man)
  • Mary Queen of Scots

Figure 11. Mary queen of Scots ascending platform (Elizabethi.org, 2016)

Figure 12. Portrait of an aged, ill Mary queen of Scots (Anonymous, 1578)

Figure 13. A woodcut depicting the execution of Mary Queen of Scots (Blackwood, 2016)

  • Robert Beale

Figure 14. Not what Robert Beale actually looked like, but something to base on (Pourbus, 1591)

  • Elizabeth I

Figure 15. A Black dress that Elizabeth wore, could be used on the day of Mary Stuart’s execution (Hilliards, c.1599)

  • Guards (as before)

 

  • Philip II

Figure 16. Jordi Molla from Elizabeth. The Golden Age, depicting as Philip II of Spain (Elizabeth I: The Golden Age, 2007)

 

Figure 17. Historical portrait of Philip II (YiannisGabriel.com, 2016)

Location description

Figure 18. A Dutch depictions of the scene of the execution (Anonymous, 1613)

 

Windsor castle interior as before

 

 

 

Overview of history

3rd track covers the biggest upset of the whole story, the execution of Mary Queen of Scots. The Narration will state, that Elizabeth did not want Mary to be executed, so for 19 years, Mary was to be prisoner to Elizabeth for her fear for Mary is intended to cause uprisings. Elizabeth’s hand was forced, the extrinsic events like the Black Death blighting Britain, as well as Crop failures and the need to expand control in the Netherlands proved costly. The situation was desperate, and the final nail in the coffin, came from the Babington plot with evidence to suggest that Mary was involved (eyewitnesstohistory, 2005).

The execution scene, presents a defiant Mary, embracing death, while her servants wept, she tells them to rejoice, not to cry. While sat on a stool, Mary sat emotionless as the sermon was readout by Robert Beale (the man who arranges her execution). However, Mary interrupts by praying loudly, this scene gets tenser with the audience joining to take sides, but Mary slips from her stool from when the climax peaks but then continues. Beale orders Mary to repent, but she reprimands clearly to him that she is not going to renounce her faith in Catholicism; a cowed Beale announces “so be it”. Her servants start disrobing her, whom the executioner lends a hand in also, the executioner suddenly ask for forgiveness, which she accepts. Once disrobed suitably, the audience were shocked at seeing how pale her skin was; she stood up for one last speech.  Smiling she thanked her servants, wanted to wish her son well and hopefully be converted to Catholicism, and wanted Elizabeth to have a prosperous and long reign serving god and her people to the fullest (Robertson, 1813, pp. 49 – 50).

Once finished, she placed her head on the block proudly with one of the maids wrapping her handkerchief around her eyes, the executioner got ready while Mary prays. He then strikes with his axe, hits the knot. surprisingly, Mary did not scream in pain, a second chop came, but not fully clean cut, from a third slice from the axe, the head is fully severed is raised to the audience, executioner says “god save the queen!”. With nearly everyone weeping, it truly reflected a sad point in the story. Elizabeth is in her room, upset. Beale enters, confirms the execution has happened, Elizabeth is in rage saying, “You carried out the death warrant without my consent, you will be taken to the tower!” (Robertson, 1813, p. 51).

The narrator states that Elizabeth knew there were dire consequences ahead. As a result, Spain made a declaration of war with Elizabeth after hearing the news of Mary’s execution, Philip was upset when writing the declaration, as it was forced upon him to act (eyewitnesstohistory, 2005), (Trueman, 2015) .

Lioness verses bull/Clash of religions/The Bulwark

Character involved:

  • Audience member 3 (make up based on Elizabethan woman/man)
  • Elizabeth I

Figure 19. Triumphant, mature Elizabeth embellished with lots of symbolism to celebrate the victory against the Spanish (Gower, Circa 1588)

 

  • Philip II

Figure 20. Philip in religious attire. (Anguissola, 2012)

  • Francis Drake/English naval soldiers

Figure 21. War attire worn by the English, the character in focus is Francis Drake (Heritage History, 2013-2015)

  • English ships

Figure 22. An Illustration of the Royal Ark, the flagship of Lord Howard, who was the leader of British navy to defeat the Spanish Armada (Britishbattles.com, 2002-2016)

 

Figure 23. British ‘Racer-ships’ which war key to the British success thanks to their manoeuvrability (Britishbattles.com, 2002-2016)

 

Figure 24. British fire-ships used to disperse the Spanish armada’s crescent formation (Dfiles, Anonymous).

  • Spanish ships

Figure 25. Can be used as a typical Spanish ship in the Spanish armada, this is a depiction of the Portuguese Galleon ‘Sao Martinho’ (Lusitani, 2006)

  • Spanish sailors/soldiers

Figure 26. Spanish Soldiers (which were number3 to 1) compared to sailors that were part of the Spanish armada (Atlantic Ship Model Co., 2003-2004)

 

 

  • Narrator (unchanged)

 

Location description

Figure 27. Battle scenes of the English ships fighting four Galleons and some other Spanish ships (Johnson, 2016)

 

 

Overview of history

 

The final song is based on the initial prelude to the Spanish Armada and aims to condense the many skirmishes that took place, under a single battle. Initially, before the battle begins, Elizabeth’s presents a speech to her navy:

 

My loving people,

 

We have been persuaded by some that are careful of our safety, to take heed how we commit ourselves to armed multitudes, for fear of treachery; but I assure you I do not desire to live to distrust my faithful and loving people. Let tyrants fear. I have always so behaved myself that, under God, I have placed my chiefest strength and safeguard in the loyal hearts and good-will of my subjects; and therefore I am come amongst you, as you see, at this time, not for my recreation and disport, but being resolved, in the midst and heat of the battle, to live and die amongst you all; to lay down for my God, and for my kingdom, and my people, my honour and my blood, even in the dust.

 

I know I have the body but of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a king of England too, and think foul scorn that Parma or Spain, or any prince of Europe, should dare to invade the borders of my realm: to which rather than any dishonour shall grow by me, I myself will take up arms, I myself will be your general, judge, and rewarder of every one of your virtues in the field.

 

I know already, for your forwardness you have deserved rewards and crowns; and We do assure you in the word of a prince, they shall be duly paid you. In the mean time, my lieutenant general shall be in my stead, than whom never prince commanded a more noble or worthy subject; not doubting but by your obedience to my general, by your concord in the camp, and your valour in the field, we shall shortly have a famous victory over those enemies of my God, of my kingdom, and of my people.

 

Queen Elizabeth I (British Library, 1588)

 

The skirmish that will be used would be the battle of Gravelines, at midnight 28th July 1588, the British send fireships charging towards the Armada’s docked in its crescent formation docked off Calais. This dislodges the Armada’s battle formation, allowing the British ships to attack one on one more easily. The British ships focus fire more on the four Spanish Galleons more at close range, with more cannon firepower capacities to attack, and were smaller, therefore, faster to out manoeuvre the larger ships the Spanish had. The Spanish ships were more suited to boarding warfare. This contrast of fighting styles lead to Spanish having significant loses in men and damage to the ships. With the Armada being cut off from going back to Spain, they decide to retreat as a result. The narration talks about the aftermath of the battle, the fate of the Spanish ships, and overview of Elizabeth’s final years as Queen until her death in 1603. The narrator concludes by saying “I’m off to perform for Shakespeare now… Good bye!” (Britishbattles.com, 2002-2016)

History research summary in my own words – references will be place on soon

History aspect for Gloriana

Understanding the history is vital to get the content right. At the first stage, I can work out the scale of my major project, such as what events should my four songs cover, what genres/instruments can fit to those events; what/who was involved that I would need to animate; and how to make use of the resources/facilities to provide an impartial perspective when telling the story based on such events.

The goal of Gloriana’s story really is to provide a balanced interpretation, explaining that the reality of what started of Britain’s ‘Golden age’ was lead, not by the traditional ‘good and bad sides’, but antagonistic and extrinsic events, which lead the characters depicted as being compelled to act for the survival of not just themselves, but for their own countries to develop and survive.

As ‘glue’ to the songs and the events they represent there will be the narration. This will be in the form of a fictional character that is Elizabeth’s favourite court musician. Elizabeth did have a passion for music, as well as being a musician herself, and there were actual well-known musicians favoured by Elizabeth such as William Byrd (1543-1623), which can be loosely based on. The story is about a biographical account of Elizabeth I, by the court musician as guest speaker presenting to the audience in the Globe Theatre, and being asked about Elizabeth during certain events.

The first chapter will discuss the four events in detail and how these events will link smoothly. However, it should be noted that there will be some songs that would be based on more than one event, although there could be a possible difference between them, as they might have happened at separate times, with the possibility of being a year gap between them approximately.

Through the naming of the songs, following songs are based on the events as follows:

Ascension Complete

As first song of the EP, it would make sense to apply the events of the Coronation of Elizabeth I and the new prayer book, as the project is meant to be about Elizabeth, and also for the coming events used in the other three songs. The new prayer book, is one of the passive antagonists as a symbolic object, due to the controversy it brought, although it was a compromise, some members of both religions did not want the compromise.

Elizabeth’s Coronation was a significant event. As the third Queen and the sole ruler of Britain, there was a lot of fear, as the predeceasing queens being Lady Jane Grey (only for 9 days) and then Mary I (1553 – 1558), 8 years before Elizabeth to be crowned, the public had mixed views of Elizabeth; some believed she was an illegitimate heir from being the offspring of Anne Boleyn, who the public saw as a mistress to her father Henry VIII.  She was one of the most highly intelligent women of her time, from her vivid education, and her strong will, from the turmoil she had felt from the sexual abuse from Thomas Seymour, and the oppression under her half-sister, Mary’s reign as a protestant.

The new prayer book is also important to include, previous events before Elizabeth as Queen of Britain. Britain had sharp changes to the nation’s religion, all which started from Henry VIII ‘break with Rome’ in order to marry Anne Boleyn. The extreme Protestant regime under Edward VI’s reign, than the extreme Catholic regime under Mary I, both had rebellions as a result. A new prayer book was made to compromise the two religions to be compatible, but importantly, to recognise Elizabeth as a queen rightfully and to be loyal to only her.

The Prayer book was controversial, to the fanatics of both sides, which also lead to catholic foreign, super powers, such as Spain to believe that Catholics in Britain, were being severely mistreated (this was not the case at this moment in time until later).

To marry or not to marry

 

The 2nd track reflects on Elizabeth’s personal life. The issue of marriage, as being a queen was that she needed a husband who would provide a male heir to succeed her. Although there were consequences to which she could pick, Robert Dudley was a good suitor, English and a close friend, but would upset the Catholics, and there was evidence to suggest he killed his own wife, to be with Elizabeth.

To marry a foreign king, would have cause even more dire consequences. He could make Britain a Protectorate, a puppet for a another country, even worse a highly religious catholic such as Philip II, evidenced by Mary I’s marriage to him, as the public did not like him, fearing Philip and Mary would impose extreme Catholicism on a freshly established Protestant country.

Elizabeth was made aware by a soldier, that Mary Queen of Scots had entered the country to seek refuge, and was captured. Narration hints that Mary is the biggest antagonist as it kicks off a series of large scale events.

The unnecessary martyr/Cousin under the axe

3rd track covers the biggest upset of the whole story, the execution of Mary Queen of Scots. The Narration will state, that Elizabeth did not want Mary to be executed, so for 19 years, Mary was to be prisoner to Elizabeth for her fear for Mary is intended to cause uprisings. Elizabeth’s hand was forced, the extrinsic events like the Black Death blighting Britain, as well as Crop failures and the need to expand control in the Netherlands proved costly. The situation was desperate, and the final nail in the coffin, came from the Babington plot with evidence to suggest that Mary was involved.

The execution scene, presents a defiant Mary, embracing death, while her servants wept, she tells them to rejoice, not to cry. While sat on a stool, Mary sat emotionless as the sermon was readout by Robert Beale (the man who arranges her execution). However, Mary interrupts by praying loudly, this scene gets tenser with the audience joining to take sides, but Mary slips from her stool from when the climax peaks but then continues. Beale orders Mary to repent, but she reprimands clearly to him that she is not going to renounce her faith in Catholicism; a cowed Beale announces “so be it”. Her servants start disrobing her, whom the executioner lends a hand in also, the executioner suddenly ask for forgiveness, which she accepts. Once disrobed suitably, the audience were shocked at seeing how pale her skin was; she stood up for one last speech.  Smiling she thanked her servants, wanted to wish her son well and hopefully be converted to Catholicism, and wanted Elizabeth to have a prosperous and long reign serving god and her people to the fullest.

Once finished, she placed her head on the block proudly with one of the maids wrapping her handkerchief around her eyes, the executioner got ready while Mary prays. He then strikes with his axe, hits the knot. surprisingly, Mary did not scream in pain, a second chop came, but not fully clean cut, from a third slice from the axe, the head is fully severed is raised to the audience, executioner says “god save the queen!”. With nearly everyone weeping, it truly reflected a sad point in the story. Elizabeth is in her room, upset. Beale enters, confirms the execution has happened, Elizabeth is in rage saying, “You carried out the death warrant without my consent, you will be taken to the tower!”

The narrator states that Elizabeth knew there were dire consequences ahead. As a result, Spain made a declaration of war with Elizabeth after hearing the news of Mary’s execution, Philip was upset when writing the declaration, as it was forced upon him to act.

Lioness verses bull/Clash of religions/The Bulwark

 

The final song is based on the initial prelude to the Spanish Armada and aims to condense the many skirmishes that took place, under a single battle. Initially, before the battle begins, Elizabeth’s presents a speech to her navy. The battle shows the British ships charging towards the Armada’s crescent formation. Sir Francis Drake orders the setting ablaze the fire ships to kamikaze into the formation. This dislodges the Armada’s battle formation, allowing the British ships to attack one on one more easily. The British ships attack more at range, with more cannon firepower capacities to attack, and were smaller, therefore, faster to out manoeuvre the larger ships the Spanish had. The Spanish ships were more suited to boarding warfare. Few ships are lost on both sides. With the Armada being cut off from going back to Spain, they decide to retreat due to the loss of resources. The narration talks about the aftermath of the battle, the fate of the Spanish ships, and overview of Elizabeth’s final years as Queen until her death in 1603. The narrator concludes by saying “I’m off to perform for Shakespeare now… Good bye!”